International Day of World Indigenous Peoples
The International Day of World Indigenous people is celebrated on 9th August every year. It is very important to all of you to know every detail about the indigenous people as well as the importance of this day. Indigenous peoples practice cultures and unique ways of relating to people and the environment.
They also retain social, cultural, economic and political features that are different from those prevailing in the societies in which they live. Despite their cultural differences, indigenous peoples around the world share common problems when it comes to protecting their rights as different peoples.
According to the Defensores de PrimeraLínea organization, 281 human rights defenders were murdered in 25 countries during 2016 for daring to defend the rights of indigenous peoples, land and the environment, which implies a significant increase compared to 185 2015 and 130 of 2014.
Despite this, the world organization called on States to transform words into action to end discrimination, exclusion, lack of protection, and conflicts over their lands and resources.
Likewise, the organization called for compliance with the norms for the survival, dignity and well-being of indigenous peoples throughout the world, as well as guaranteeing the safety of those who defend their rights.
For its part, Latin America has been a pioneer in recognizing the rights of indigenous peoples. Beyond the rights of the individuals that make them up.
The indigenous populations and their special relationship with the territory have been considered as subjects of rights; they are part of the ancestral knowledge that we have learned to value and that are the conceptual basis of the instruments of territorial governance that modernity proposes.
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International Day of World Indigenous Peoples History:
On December 23, 1994, during the International Decade of the World’s Indigenous People, the General Assembly decided, in its resolution A / RES / 49/214, to celebrate the International Day of the Indigenous Peoples on August 9 every year.
That date commemorates the holding of the first meeting, in 1982, of the Working Group on Indigenous Populations of the Subcommission on Prevention of Discrimination and Protection of Minorities.
Likewise, the General Assembly in its resolution A / RES / 45/164 proclaimed 1993 as the International Year of the World’s Indigenous People, and the first International Decade of the World’s Indigenous People, which began on December 10, 1994, proclaimed in resolution A / RES / 48/163.
The objective of both celebrations was to strengthen international cooperation for the solution of the problems faced by indigenous communities in areas such as human rights, the environment, development, education and health.
As requested in the final document of the 2014 World Conference on Indigenous Peoples. A Plan of Action for 2015 was prepared for the entire United Nations system on the rights of indigenous peoples, prepared by the Inter-institutional Support Group on Indigenous Issues, in consultation with indigenous peoples.
The Member States of the United Nations, UN agencies and other interested parties. Its objective is to ensure a coherent approach to achieving the objectives of the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, in particular by improving support to the Member States and indigenous peoples.
On December 16, 2005, the General Assembly approved the Program of Action for the Second International Decade of the World’s Indigenous People (document A / 60/270, section II), whose slogan was “Alliance for action and dignity” ( resolution 60/142 ).
The Assembly called upon the international community to provide financial support to the Program of Action in general, through, inter alia, contributions to the Voluntary Fund for the Second Decade, and urged all Governments and interested indigenous organizations to take action necessary to facilitate the approval, as soon as possible, of the draft United Nations declaration on the rights of indigenous peoples.
The Assembly had proclaimed the first International Decade of the World’s Indigenous Peoples on December 21, 1993, with a view to strengthening international cooperation for the solution of the problems faced by indigenous peoples in areas such as human rights, environment, development, education and health ( resolution 48/163 ).
The Assembly proclaimed the Second International Decade on December 20, 2004, with the goal of continuing to strengthen international cooperation in these areas, including economic and social development ( resolution 59/174 ).
It also requested the Secretary-General to appoint the Under-Secretary-General for Economic and Social Affairs as Coordinator of the Second Decade and invited Governments to ensure that the activities and objectives of the Second Decade.
In the case of Colombia, the recognition of indigenous cultures took a significant turn from the promulgation of the 1991 Political Constitution, which declared Colombia as a multicultural country and established a legal framework for the indigenous population.
However, as the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights observed during the commemoration of this day in 2007 “Indigenous communities have faced and continue to face a very complex situation, in which repeated ignorance is combined of their economic, social and cultural rights, and the multiple and frequent attacks on their civil and political rights.
To this must be added that in the areas inhabited by these communities, armed conflict often presents dramatic features of intensity and degradation. In the war context, the indigenous population continues to suffer intense victimization by agents of all the contending parties. ” (UN, 2007)
This statement demonstrates a situation that has been exposed by several sectors of the sectors of Colombian society, including some of the indigenous organizations, and is the lack of materialization of the constitutional rights of the indigenous population, which, although they are proclaimed in detail in the constitution and the legal scheme that follows from this are systematically violated.
Cultural Relevance: –
Perhaps this commemoration is one of the most culturally significant in our country. Colombia was originally a country populated by diverse indigenous communities, which have faced for more than 500 years a systematic attack on their traditions and culture.
However, despite this situation, many communities have managed to survive and have preserved their traditions. Even after the signing of the 1991 Constitution and thanks to the guarantees that the constitutional charter grants to indigenous people, these communities began a process of recognition and empowerment, which has strengthened the indigenous social organization and reinvigorated your political participation
This process has begun to reconfigure the social imaginary of the indigenous people, where they continued to be seen as alien and savage beings and not as depositories of millenary cultural traditions that enrich and define the cultural diversity of our country.
The main aim of the International Day of World Indigenous people is to protect their right as well as give them proper amenities aiming to preserve them. The central government of every country and the UN have taken healthy steps in regarding the improvement of their status. However, global warming and other natural disaster pose a serious threat before them.
They are losing their tradition as well as their existence in different regions of the world. However, the proper actions have been practised by the UN and the different countries to protect them.
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International Day of World Indigenous Peoples Themes:
We celebrate International Day of World Indigenous Peoples on an account for those people who are the migrant and indigenous. This event also recognizes the achievements and contributions that indigenous people make to improve world issues such as environmental protection. Every year UN releases a Theme to acknowledge there effort.
|1)||2005||The Cause of Indigenous Peoples is Ours|
|2)||2006||Indigenous Peoples: human rights, dignity and development with identity|
|3)||2007||Urgent need to preserve indigenous languages|
|4)||2008||Reconciliation between States and indigenous peoples|
|5)||2009||Indigenous Peoples and HIV/AIDS|
|6)||2010||Celebrating Indigenous Film Making|
|7)||2011||Indigenous designs: celebrating stories and cultures, crafting their own future|
|8)||2012||Indigenous Media, Empowering Indigenous Voices|
|9)||2013||Indigenous peoples building alliances: Honouring treaties, agreements and other constructive arrangements.|
|10)||2014||Bridging the gap: implementing the rights of indigenous peoples|
|11)||2015||Post-2015 Agenda: Ensuring indigenous peoples’ health and well-being|
|12)||2016||Indigenous Peoples’ Right to Education|
|13)||2017||Tenth Anniversary of the Adoption of the UN Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples|
|14)||2018||Indigenous Peoples’ Migration and Movement|