International Day of World Indigenous Peoples
The International Day of World Indigenous people is celebrated on 9th August every year. It is very important to all of you to know every detail about the indigenous people as well as the importance of this day. Indigenous peoples practice cultures and unique ways of relating to people and the environment.
They also retain social, cultural, economic and political features that are different from those prevailing in the societies in which they live. Despite their cultural differences, indigenous peoples around the world share common problems when it comes to protecting their rights as different peoples.
According to the Defensores de PrimeraLínea organization, 281 human rights defenders were murdered in 25 countries during 2016 for daring to defend the rights of indigenous peoples, land and the environment, which implies a significant increase compared to 185 2015 and 130 of 2014.
Despite this, the world organization called on States to transform words into action to end discrimination, exclusion, lack of protection, and conflicts over their lands and resources.
Likewise, the organization called for compliance with the norms for the survival, dignity and well-being of indigenous peoples throughout the world, as well as guaranteeing the safety of those who defend their rights.
For its part, Latin America has been a pioneer in recognizing the rights of indigenous peoples. Beyond the rights of the individuals that make them up.
The indigenous populations and their special relationship with the territory have been considered as subjects of rights; they are part of the ancestral knowledge that we have learned to value and that are the conceptual basis of the instruments of territorial governance that modernity proposes.
International Day of World Indigenous Peoples Australia:
The aboriginal population in Australia is estimated at 745,000 individuals or 3% of the total population of 24,220,200. Australia recognizes indigenous peoples. Still, the high suicide rates among the indigenous population in Australia are alarming.
The situation of the Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples as the first peoples of Australia has been recognized in several ways: through the native title and the historic Mabo decision, and in legislation such as the Law of Racial Discrimination (1975), the Native Title Act (1993); and Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Commission Act (1989 and 2005).
Other important events have been the Australian Declaration on Reconciliation and the Roadmap for Reconciliation (2006) and the National Apology to Stolen Generations (2008). At the national level, there is a Ministry of Indigenous Affairs and since 2015 a Deputy Ministry of Indigenous Health and Care and States and Territories have legislation on indigenous rights.
There is a division at the policy level between the aspirations of Aboriginal people and what the government and water management authorities are willing to accept. Calls for recognition of the rights of indigenous peoples to own and manage freshwater often face objections that “water is a shared public resource and should be available to all.”
Objections of this type, however, do not recognize that the extraction and sale of freshwater have already transformed water into a commodity. An opportunity to create a space for indigenous water rights would be to allocate water licenses based on the current areas of native titles, which are currently predominantly limited to cultural activities.
The methods to promote the rights of indigenous peoples in the development of policies and their participation in public life must be established, above all, at the national level. But governments can also benefit from the knowledge, experience, legislative know-how and promotion of UN human rights mechanisms, as well as the contributions of civil society.
These indigenous rights partners can help refine reforms in accordance with international standards and make the issues of indigenous peoples echo internationally.
These mechanisms include the Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues, which brings together hundreds of indigenous representatives per year, and the Special Rapporteur on Indigenous Peoples, who has helped to promote their human rights in a variety of situations at the country level.
In addition, the Expert Mechanism on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples has the task of offering advice on their right to education, a key issue for the indigenous peoples of the world.
The nearly 370 million indigenous peoples of the world need and deserve more than a simple symbolic celebration on August 9, the date on which the International Day dedicated to the reaffirmation of the value and resilience of indigenous life and cultures is commemorated. After centuries of repression, they need comprehensive tools to defend their human rights, their way of life and their aspirations.
Every year this day is celebrated all over the world. A commemorative event is also organized at the United Nations headquarters in New York by the Subdivision of Indigenous Peoples and Development – Secretariat of the Permanent Forum on Indigenous Issues, which brings together organizations of indigenous peoples, United Nations agencies, Member States, civil society, academia and the general public.
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International Day of World Indigenous Peoples Canada: –
The International Day of the World’s Indigenous Peoples is an opportunity to get closer and ask how you could connect with your local Aboriginal community and your events in a small way in Canada. It can also be an opportunity for your staff and clients from diverse First Peoples backgrounds to come together, connect, share their experiences and find something in common. Although the First Peoples of the world represent less than 5% of the world’s population, they represent 15% of the poorest. They speak an overwhelming majority of the world’s estimated 7,000 languages and represent 5,000 different cultures. We all have the privilege of living in a beautiful country that is home to the oldest and most living Aboriginal culture in the world.
New information and communication technologies play an important role in improving the access and quality of education, science and culture. Its applications transform the way we share, preserve and transmit knowledge and languages.
UNESCO has a lot to contribute in this respect through its multidisciplinary mandate in education, culture, communication, social sciences and natural sciences, which is completely unique in the international scenario. However, the rapid development of ICT has also helped to create new divisions, and UNESCO is committed to building inclusive knowledge societies for a sustainable future.
August 9 is the International Day of the World’s Indigenous Peoples. This is an important date that celebrates the day of the first meeting of the United Nations (UN) Working Group on Indigenous Populations of the Subcommission on the Promotion and Protection of Human Rights, in 1982.
The 2017 theme is dedicated to the 10th anniversary of the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples, an important international milestone in cooperation and solidarity between indigenous peoples and member states.